A wee walk

A blog about a hike across Scotland (and possibly other things)

Prisoner of war

I arrived at the Park House B&B in the light rain after 17.7 miles of walking, my longest day. It was supposed to be a 12.1 mile day, based on the GPS route I’d booked months ago. But I tried to be smarter than my winter plans.

I attempted to take an abandoned railroad bridge over a river, which would have cut miles from my route. The bridge was blocked and the gate was topped with spikes. I’d gotten there by slogging through fields and around bits of narrow road. I could have gotten around the barricade, I decided, but then there would be another one at the far end. If I couldn’t get over that I’d have to retraced my steps, get over the first barricade, and return to the original route.

I decided on discretion. I slogged back through the fields and farm tracks and went up the paved road—as originally planned—and crossed the river at the bridge that cars and everyone else takes.

The Park House B&B was poorly marked. I stopped and asked a man named Allan for directions. His dog was yapping in the car. Allan consulted his phone; mine was out of power.

The B&B was up a dirt road. I was glad to get there.

The proprietress is Madeleine Braithwaite-Exley. She and her husband have three boys, all grown and out of the house. Her husband, Marcus, is a retired infantry officer who served in Northern Ireland, the Falklands, Bosnia, Iraq, and Afghanistan. He was away, tending to an ill relative.

Madeleine Braithwaite-Exley
Major Marcus Braithwaite-Exley

Madeleine comes from a family with deep military roots. Her father was in Normandy on D-day+3. Her maternal grandfather served in both World War I and World War II. The next morning she told me about him.

His name was Maurice Wilson. He was born in 1899. His brother was killed in the Battle of La Bassee, in October 1914, one of the first engagements of the Great War. Maurice’s mother was determined Maurice not fight, but as soon as he was old enough he volunteered, catching the end of that catastrophe.

Madeleine didn’t know much about his service in that war. But she did about his time in World War II. She got out a scrapbook.

He was a career soldier, in middle age, when the war began. He was a member of the Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders, part of the 51st Highland Division. Here he is before the war, second from the right.

Maurice Wilson, second from right

He was one of 10,000 Scottish soldiers taken prisoner in June 1940, just after the evacuation from Dunkirk. About 338,000 members of the British Expeditionary Force, sent to help defend France from German invasion, were rescued there. But no such effort made made for the 51st Highland Division, which was fighting the Germans and retreating toward Le Havre.

The 51st Highland Division surrendered at Saint-Valery-en-Caux. Its ironically named commander, Major-General Victor Fortune, requested evacuation. Winston Churchill refused, believing the soldiers should remain and show solidarity with French forces. Within days, however, France fell.

Major Wilson was initially reported as killed (a fact that was reported as a dependent clause in the lede of the newspaper story). He was then reported to be only missing.

Finally, in August, his wife got a telegram saying that he was alive in a German prisoner-of-war camp, Oflag 7.

The first contact was a postcard that provided a menu of statements. If they weren’t true they had to be crossed out. Of the three that remained on Maurice Wilson’s, one was: “I have received no letter from you for a long time.” Madeleine’s voice caught as she read that.

Eventually, letters were sent and received. As an officer, Major Wilson had a responsibility to keep up the morale of his fellow prisoners as much as he could. He recited poetry, organized dances and musical events, and chess tournaments.

In the meantime, his wife had invited several wives of prisoners and war widows, with their children, to live with her at Ashmore, her estate. Together, they ran a small school. Although the family was wealthy, life was hard and self-reliance was the order of the day, Madeleine said.

“What was stress? Nobody knew what stress was. Stress was something you put on a rope.”

Major Wilson asked his wife to encourage the children in the school and village to write to the prisoners and tell them what was happening on the farm, to describe sights and sounds of life outside the prison wire.

“My grandfather used to say: ‘I have 40 years of good memories, and of a wife and four children. I am in command of young men who were captured in the prime of life, at 18 and 19. They have no such memories to sustain them’.”

Major Wilson was a prisoner for five years.

His daughter, Madeleine’s mother, spent the end of the war, when she was 17 or 18, in the Women’s Royal Naval Service (the “Wrens”) in the Orkney Islands, doing clerical work at a huge naval base. When her father returned on a POW ship in 1945, she went in uniform to Portsmouth to meet him. They did not recognize each other.

The children on the farm wrote a note from the animals, welcoming him home.

Maurice Wilson stayed in the Army until 1955. Here he is with Madeleine’s mother next to him.

Maurice Wilson, with his daughter and Madeleine’s mother, on his left

He died when Madeleine was about 14. I asked her if he seemed damaged by the war in any obvious way.

“He lived very happily. He wasn’t so traumatized that he couldn’t come and be a dad again.” She paused and thought, and then added, “He would cry at anything. He was very emotional. He cried at good news.”

2 Comments

  1. Such great great photos. In the previous post, I loved that line about “undertone of absence.” Speaking of which — 5 years as a POW! Hard to imagine.

  2. Everyone has a story, and the wonderful thing about you, Dave, is that you always find time to ask and listen.

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